Uncover the Hidden Gems of


Tarangire National Park

Tarangire National Park, located in Tanzania, is a popular tourist destination in Africa. Covering an area of 2,850 square kilometers, the park is home to a diverse range of wildlife, including the "Big Five" animals. The park's rich history and significance make it an important landmark in Tanzania's cultural heritage.

History of the Park

Established in 1970, Tarangire National Park is one of Tanzania's oldest national parks. It was initially created to protect the region's wildlife and prevent hunting activities. Since then, the park has become a crucial wildlife conservation area that attracts tourists from all over the world.

In the early 1900s, the British colonial government in Tanzania created game reserves to conserve wildlife in the region. Tarangire Plains were then part of the Maasai Steppe Game Reserve. In 1951, Tarangire was established as a wildlife reserve, and in 1970, it was officially declared a national park. Since then, the park has undergone several changes to become what it is today.

Significance of the Park

Tarangire National Park is renowned for its biodiversity and ecological significance, and its role in the annual wildebeest migration makes it a must-visit destination. The park's ecosystem is vital to the survival of several endangered and threatened species, including elephants, lions, leopards, and cheetahs. It is also home to over 550 species of birds, making it a top destination for bird watchers.

Tarangire's significance also extends beyond wildlife conservation, as it plays a crucial role in the lives and cultures of local communities. The park's natural resources, including water and grazing land, are essential to the livelihoods of the Maasai people who live adjacent to the park.

Tarangire National Park is an important part of Tanzania's cultural heritage, and its conservation efforts are vital to protecting the region's wildlife and natural resources for future generations.

Location and Geography

Tarangire National Park is located in northern Tanzania, just south of the Maasai Steppe. It is part of the larger Tarangire ecosystem, which also includes the Lake Manyara National Park and the surrounding wildlife reserves.

Size and Boundaries of the Park

The park covers an area of 2,850 square kilometers and is home to a variety of wildlife, including over 500 species of birds. The park's boundaries are defined by the Tarangire River to the south and east, and by the Maasai Steppe to the north and west.

Description of the Tarangire Ecosystem

The Tarangire ecosystem is characterized by a mix of grassy plains, savannas, and woodlands. The park's landscape is dominated by large baobab trees, which provide shade and shelter for animals. The Tarangire River is the park's lifeline, providing water for the park's animals during the dry season.

Topography and Geology of the Park

The park's topography is varied, with rocky outcrops, seasonal swamps, and river valleys. The park is home to several prominent geological features, including the Kolo Rock Paintings, a site of significant cultural and historical importance.

Collection of Animals

Overview of Wildlife in Tarangire National Park

Tarangire National Park is home to a diverse range of wildlife, with over 80 large mammal species and over 500 bird species. The park is particularly well-known for its large elephant herds, which are some of the largest in Africa.

The "Big Five" Animals in the Park

Although the park does not have all of the "Big Five" animals, it is home to four of them: lions, leopards, elephants, and buffaloes. Lions are the most prominent predators in the park, and Tarangire National Park is one of the best places in Tanzania to view these majestic animals. Leopards are also common in the park, and they can often be spotted in trees or lounging in the sun.

Elephants are another iconic animal in the park, and they can be found in large numbers throughout the park. Tarangire National Park has some of the largest elephant herds in Africa, and visitors can witness these majestic creatures moving in large groups. Buffaloes are more abundant in the park and can be spotted grazing in large herds.

Other Notable Animals in the Park

Aside from the "Big Five," Tarangire National Park is home to many other notable animals, including cheetahs, hyenas, zebras, giraffes, and hippos. The park is also home to many species of antelopes, such as impalas, gazelles, and elands.

Birdlife in the Park

Tarangire National Park is a paradise for birdwatchers, with over 500 species of birds recorded in the park. The park is home to many species of raptors, including eagles, hawks, and vultures. Visitors can also spot ostriches, storks, herons, and flamingos, among others.

Efforts to Protect the Wildlife in Tarangire National Park

Tarangire National Park is a vital conservation area that is home to some of Tanzania's most iconic wildlife. To ensure the continued survival of these animals, several conservation efforts are in place. The park is managed by the Tanzania National Parks Authority (TANAPA), which is responsible for implementing conservation initiatives, such as anti-poaching campaigns, wildlife research, and community development projects.

Partnership with Local Communities

TANAPA has partnered with local communities surrounding the park to encourage their participation in conservation efforts. The park provides employment opportunities to local communities, which has reduced their dependence on poaching and other illegal activities that pose a threat to the park's wildlife.

Anti-Poaching Initiatives

Poaching is one of the biggest threats to wildlife in the park. To combat poaching, TANAPA has implemented anti-poaching campaigns that involve the deployment of anti-poaching rangers, sniffer dogs, and aerial surveillance. These measures have helped to reduce poaching incidents and improve wildlife protection.

Research Projects in the Park

Research projects in the park are essential for understanding the park's ecology and the behavior of its wildlife. Some of the ongoing research projects in the park include wildlife monitoring, predator-prey dynamics, and studies on the park's plant and bird life. The results of these studies help to inform conservation policies and initiatives in the park.

What to do

Activities and Attractions

Tarangire National Park offers a wide range of activities and attractions for visitors to enjoy. Whether you are interested in game viewing, cultural experiences, or outdoor activities, there is something for everyone in the park.

Safari Tours and Game Drives

Safari tours and game drives are the most popular activities in Tarangire National Park. Visitors can choose from various safari packages, including day and multi-day tours that allow them to explore the park and spot its wildlife. Game drives are usually conducted in open safari vehicles, and visitors can witness the park's wildlife up close.

Walking Safaris

Walking safaris are ideal for visitors who want to explore the park on foot. Walking safaris allow visitors to experience the park's ecosystem up close and to witness its smaller inhabitants, such as birds, insects, and plants. Walking safaris are usually conducted in small groups and led by experienced guides.

Cultural Visits to Maasai Villages

Visitors to the park can also visit Maasai villages located near the park. The Maasai people are one of Tanzania's indigenous tribes, and visitors can learn about their culture, traditions, and way of life.

Hiking and Trekking in the Park

For visitors who enjoy outdoor activities, hiking and trekking are great options. The park has several hiking trails that offer scenic views of the park's landscape and wildlife. Visitors can also opt for multi-day treks that take them through different parts of the park.

Hot Air Balloon Rides

For a unique and memorable experience, visitors can opt for a hot air balloon ride over the park. Balloon rides offer breathtaking views of the park and its wildlife, and it's an excellent way to experience the park's beauty from a different perspective.


Tarangire National Park is also a bird watcher's paradise, with over 500 species of birds recorded in the park. Visitors can spot several bird species such as the Kori Bustard, African grey hornbill, the red-and-yellow barbet, and the yellow-collared lovebird. The park is home to many species of raptors, including eagles, hawks, and vultures.

Tarangire National Park has a variety of accommodation options that cater to different budgets and preferences. The park has several lodges and tented camps located within the park, which offer comfortable accommodation and great views of the park. These lodges and tented camps range from luxurious to budget-friendly and offer amenities such as swimming pools, restaurants, and spas.

Find Your Perfect Accommodation

Accommodations in Tarangire are abundant, and we would be delighted to assist you in finding the ideal option for your needs. On the right-hand side of our website, you can browse our three primary accommodation offerings. However, these are just a few of the numerous options available in Tarangire. We have excellent relationships with various lodges in the region, so if you have any particular preferences or requirements, please inform us, and we will endeavor to arrange the perfect accommodation for you. For those seeking a more immersive nature experience, camping is also available in Tarangire. With a variety of campsites spread throughout the park, visitors can relish the excitement of sleeping under the stars and listening to the sounds of the wilderness at night.

when you go there

Planning a visit

If you're planning a visit to Tarangire National Park, there are a few things to keep in mind to ensure an enjoyable and memorable experience.

Best Time to Visit

The best time to visit Tarangire National Park is during the dry season, which runs from June to October. During this time, wildlife is easier to spot as animals congregate around water sources. However, visitors can also opt to visit during the green season from November to May, when the park is lush and green with new growth, and the birdlife is plentiful.

Entry Fees and Permits

To enter Tarangire National Park, visitors are required to pay park fees, which vary depending on their nationality and the type of vehicle used. Visitors are also required to obtain a park permit before entering the park, which can be obtained at the park's main gate. All our travel itineraries always include all entry fees and permit costs.

Getting to Tarangire National Park

Tarangire National Park can be accessed by road or air. Visitors can choose to fly into Kilimanjaro International Airport and take a connecting flight to Arusha, followed by a drive to the park. Alternatively, visitors can drive from Arusha or other major cities in Tanzania.

Tips for Preparing for a Safari in Tarangire National Park

Visitors planning to go on a safari in Tarangire National Park should prepare adequately to ensure a memorable experience. Some of the essential tips for preparing for a safari include wearing comfortable clothing and shoes suitable for warm weather and dusty terrain, bringing sunscreen and insect repellent, carrying a camera and binoculars to capture the wildlife sightings, and having a good understanding of the park's rules and regulations.

If you're planning a visit to Tanzania, don't miss the opportunity to explore the incredible Tarangire National Park. With its diverse wildlife, stunning landscapes, and a range of activities to suit all interests, Tarangire is truly a must-see destination.

At The Wanderer Tanzania, we are committed to helping you plan the perfect safari experience. Whether you're interested in game drives, walking safaris, or cultural visits to nearby Maasai villages, we are here to help you create an unforgettable adventure.

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